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Applicazione AutoAir Color - inglese

AutoAir Colours - APPLICATION GUIDE

AutoAir is a durable paint intended for use as base coat and graphic paint for automotive finishes and other exteriorapplications. AutoAir Colours are meant to be top coated with a durable urethane clear. AutoAir colours are compatiblewith all urethane, waterborne and water-based paint systems.

CONDITIONS:

20º C or higher in a dry, dust-free environment. When painting in humid or colder conditions, allow for extended drying time. Use of air flow decreases drying time and is recommended as the primary means to dry paint. Air source should be free of contaminates, especially oil and water. Heat is best used to cure paint after paint dries. Refer to curing section for more.

SET-UP:

Spray Gun Tip Size:
Operate @ 2.5 to 2.75 bar 1.2mm: Touch-Up Gun: 0.8mm – 1.0mm tip-size. Pressure settingsmay vary. Adjust fluid-adjustment knob for optimum atomization.
Airbrush Tip Size:
0.5mm: @ 2.75 – 3.5 bar; 0.35mm and smaller operate at lower settings and reduce paint to desired viscosity best to atomize particular colour with particular airbrush type and tip size. Reduced paint generally has viscosity of skim milk.
Reducing:
use 4011 Flash Reducer in various ratios to achieve desired viscosity. Reduced colours are best used 24hours after mixing. Reducer greatly improve flow and decrease tip-dry. Reducing with water is not recommended asperformance benefits are not achieved and tip-dry is increased.

MATERIALS:
A 4 oz. (120ml) bottle of Auto Air Color will generally cover 3 square feet (approx. 0.25qm). Refer to specific SeriesProduct Guide for additional coverage information.Motorcycles: 1 quart (approx. 960ml) and 1 pint (approx. 480ml). Small vehicle: 2 quarts (approx. 2 x 960ml)Medium to large vehicle: 2 1/2—3 quarts ( approx. 2 ½ to 3 x 960ml) Full size truck or SUV: 1 gallon (approx. 3.8 L)

PREPARATION:

Proper preparation is crucial to ensuring a successful paint job. Prepare surface using normal custom painting methodswith attention to the following: Clean surface thoroughly, before and after sanding. Use a solvent-based, post-sanding cleaner. Scuff: Over primed surface, use 600 grit wet & dry paper/scuff pad or coarser.
1. When applying graphics over urethane finish which serves as base colour for Auto Air Colours, scuff with 800 gritwet & dry paper to avoid large scratches.
2. Sanding and/or scuffing completely removes any gloss paints from the surface. Close attention needs to be made with crevices, edges, folds and other areas that are difficult to sand with broad strokes.
Strain Colours:
Use a 125 micron nylon meshed-filter to strain colours prior to each usage.

PRIMERS:

Auto Air Colors™ are compatible with all urethane, waterborne and epoxy automotive primers. Use of a urethane,epoxy or other-type sealer is not required. Instead, use Auto Air 4000 Series Sealer.
Plastics
– Use of an adhesion promoter is necessary when working over plastics which have an oily composition. Scuffthoroughly removing all gloss. An adhesion/tape test is the best method to determine whether an adhesion promoter is necessary.
Aluminum
– Apply 4000 Series Sealer direct to substrate after scuffing.
Urethane, Enamel and Lacquer Finishes
– Auto Air Colors™ may be used direct to existing any cured finish, urethane, lacquer, enamel and others. Apply 4000 Series Sealer direct to substrate after scuffing. If using finish as base colour for graphics with Auto Air Colors™, use direct to finish after scuffing with 800 grit wet & dry paper without use of 4000 Series Sealers.
Fiberglass
- Apply 4000 Series Sealer direct to substrate after scuffing.
Carbon-fiber - Apply 4000 Series Sealer direct to substrate after scuffing.

APPLICATION:

3 Coats
– The majority of the colours achieve coverage in 3 coats. Refer to colour’s specific Product Guide for furthercoverage information.
Apply the first coat lightly.
– Apply the first coat of Auto Air Colors™ as a light coat, similar to a guide coat. Thesecond and third coat may be applied with more material to create an even finish. Avoid wet coats with excess materialbuild-up. Applying a wet coat over a wet coat which has not dried significantly increases drying times and may result inpeeling during taping.
• Initial coats have a speckled appearance. Additional coats fill in coverage producing even finish. Final coat should fillin field of colour and create an even finish.
• Working in light coats is important to ensuring successful results. A light coat of a water-based paint is much thinnerthan a light coat of urethane paint. Do not try to get total coverage from one coat. Avoid overly wetted coats. Overlywetted coats may cause pigment to migrate causing a “fish-eye” effect. The last coat should be applied with morematerial to create an even finish.
• There are no time windows when working with Auto Air Colors™. Additional coats may be applied at any time oncethe underlying coat has dried. Additional coats may be done within minutes of the last coat or several days may passbefore the next coat is applied without the need to sand or scuff.

RE-COAT TIME:
Booth conditions- Generally 2-5 minutes.
Open conditions- Generally 5 minutes to 1 hour. Temperature, humidity and other environmental conditions greatlyaffect drying times when painting without a booth. Use of 4011 Flash Reducer and using a 1.2mm tip-sized gun at 2.75 bar to correctly atomize the paint will also keep drying times to a minimum. Use of air and heat may be used todecrease drying times. AutoAir does not require heat to cure; only air curing will produce as strong a finish as curingwith heat. When using heat from a handheld device, allow paint to air cure for a few minutes prior to using heat toprevent affecting the paint’s film or adhesion. Aggressive use of heat may result in skinning over paint, creating a latexlike film which easily peels from substrate.
Mid-Coats:
Optional use of 4004 Transparent Base as mid-coat prior to taping protects colours from markings duringtaping, especially when taping over 4100 Series colour.
• Apply 1 – 2 coats after curing underlying paint job.
• Humid conditions: use of a urethane mid-coat works best when protecting colours prior to taping.
• Use 4004 Transparent Base as a protective mid-coat prior to taping over 4600 Series Candy Colours.

SPOT-REPAIR:

Before attempting spot repair, make sure paint is thoroughly cured. 4200 Series Transparent, 4500 Series Sparklescent and 4600 Series Candy Colors do not sand cleanly for spot repairing.
1.) Sand paint off failed area. Use coarse dry paper. Do not wet sand.
2.) Sand paint past failed area insuring all paint is removed and no edge remains.
3.) Begin repairing by painting sanded area first. Apply enough coats to completely cover.
4.) After filling in sanded area, blend by painting entire panel or extended area surrounding repair.

CURING:
Auto Air Colors™ can be cured in a spray booth with air movement, by infrared heat lamps, a heat gun or simplyallowing colours to air dry completely. Use of 4011 Flash Reducer ensures colours flash and cure thoroughly.
Curing in Spray Booth
- A spray booth is the preferred environment for painting vehicles with the Auto Air Colors.Bake paint at 50 - 65ºC for 15-20 minutes or until colours are completely dried.For quicker drying times, increase airflow rate and booth temperature. Colours may be cured in excess of 150ºC.
Curing in Open Conditions
- Recommended minimum temperature ca. 20ºC and low humidity. Painting in cooler orhumid conditions requires extended re-coat times. Allow coats to dry tack-free prior to applying next coat. Air flow anduse of heat to assist air curing helps decrease curing times.
• Auto Air Colors™ are cured with heat and/or airflow. Use heat gun or infra-red lamp to cure colours. If not curingwith heat, allow colours ample time to dry prior to taping or clear coat application. Drying time will vary dependingupon environment.
• In Infra-red lamp (IR) – allow lamp to cure colours at a safe distance generally over 12 inches (approx. 30cm) toprevent blistering paint. Cure colours dry to the touch without tack.
• Heat guns are effective when painting smaller areas. Allow paint to air cure for 1-2 min. prior to applying heat toavoid skinning paint which causes a loss of adhesion. Gently apply heat. Avoid aggressive use of heat as paint mayblister or otherwise not cure to a strong film. Heat is not essential for curing. AutoAir will cure into a strong film withsufficient air curing without use of heat.

TAPING:

When used correctly, Auto Air Colors™ will not peel when taped. Most types of tape work excellent. When usingtransfer or masking tapes, use a medium to high tack tape such as 4870 Auto Air Masking Tape. When using fine linetape, paper tape such as AutoAir V-Tape 1/16” adheres better than plastic tape.
Tape Time:

Tape times vary per colour, spray conditions and amount of material applied. Working in light coats, allowing each coat to dry tack-free prior to applying next coat decreases tape times significantly. Allow paint to completely dry tack-free prior to taping. Times vary from 20 minutes to 2 hours depending upon conditions.
Helpful Tips for Masking and Taping:

1.) Avoid Excessive HeatAvoid over-using heat, especially from hand-held heat guns. Excessive heat during the curing process can hurt adhesion turning the paint into a latex film which lifts easily when taped. Allowing the paint to air cure creates a strong film which may be aggressively taped. If using heat, do so sparingly, allowing paint to air cure initially until tack-free. Allow paint to cool to room temperature prior to taping.
2.) Recoat With Base ColoursTo create a cleaner, crisper edge along the tape line, apply another coat of base colour prior to applying graphics colour. Additional coat of base colour fills in open spaces under tape, creating a crisper line when the graphic colour is applied.

CLEANING:

Cleaning AutoAir prior to clearing is not absolutely necessary as trace oils do not effect adhesion with clear as withsolvent-based paints. If contaminants are visible, clean with either a post-sanding degreaser or mineral spirits.Do not use water to clean.

CLEARING:

A) Start with 1 light tack coat. Allow ample flash time to ensure acclimation with paint.
B) Apply wet coats. Follow clear manufacturer’s instructions.
C) Use a medium or high temperature catalyst. Avoid using low temperature (fast curing) as rapid curing will not allowoptimum adhesion with Auto Air Colors™. Slower cure times allow better acclimation with the underlying paint. AutoAir Colors™ are compatible with all urethane clears. Compatibility with other clear types varies. Test first. Use aslower activator/hardener to allow for more reflow & self-leveling, allowing clear time to acclimate with paint. Avoiduse of hyper-cure hardeners. Do not over-reduce when using a 3-part clear. Over-reducing may cause die-back orpeeling as excess solvent will not release quickly once acclimated into Auto Air Colors™. There are no time windowlimitations to follow when applying the clear. Clear may be applied at any time after colors cure without scuffing. Whenclearing over large flaked colors such as 4400 Series Gem Color-Shift™ Colors and 4500 Series Colours, use of ahighsolids clear is recommended to bury the pearl-flakes.

EQUIPMENT CLEAN UP:
Use Auto Air Cleaner or Restorer as directed on label for best removal and maintenance of spray equipment when using Auto Air Colors.

SAFETY:

Although Auto Air Colors™ contain 0.1 VOC, the user or any persons who may be exposed to the airborne particulatesare required to wear a NIOSH/MSHA approved respirator. Protect from contact with skin or eyes. Use standard safetyand handling procedures to minimize potentials hazards. See Material Safety Data Sheets for complete safety andhandling information.

COLOURS:

4000 Series Reducers, Sealers & Cleaners

Sealer Dark and White
– Use as initial layer of Auto Air Colors™ over prepared surface. Suitable for use as areplacement of urethane or epoxy sealer except over bare, untreated metal. May be applied direct to urethane, enamel, lacquer and other finishes after scuffing with 800 grit wet/dry paper or coarser grade of abrasive. Scuffing Base Coat prior to application of color is not required. Use of Sealer may be omitted when using existing finish for a colour-keyed base (example, 4500 Series Hot Rod Sparkle Colour over a black urethane finish) or when using a similar 4200 Series Semi-Opaque Colours such as 4220 Deep Black. Tinting 4001 Sealer with top-coat colour improves coverage of topcoat colour. This is especially beneficial when working with red, yellow and orange colours and transparent colours such as the 4500 Series Sparklescent™ Mango and Tequila Yellow. Tinting Base Coat Sealer White with 4205 Semi- Opaque Flame Orange will create a pastel-like orange base colour which the Sparklescent™ Mango will cover quicker with less material required for the Mango’s finish.
4004 Transparent Base:
Use as base for mixing with 4600 Series Candy Colours and as mid-coat.
4011 Flash Reducer:
Essential reducer use anytime paint is applied. Improves performance of all Auto Air Colors™.Contains solvents which improve flow, reduce tip-dry and assist curing to a level, smooth film. Most often used 10%per volume with spray guns, more with airbrush. Reduce 4600 Series Candy-Pigments 3:1 with 4011 Flash Reducer.4010 Flash Reducer is a specialty reducer with less solvent for less flow and levelling enhancement.
Cleaner:
Highly concentrated biodegradable cleaner used to clean airbrushes or spray guns.
Restorer:
Removes Auto Air Colors™ or dissolves cured and uncured water-based paints. Makes for easy clean-up andcomplete removal of Auto Air Colors™ for cured finishes (prior to clear) and dried paint in spray guns and airbrushes.
4100 Series Aluminum Bases:Highly reflective bases for 4600 Series Candy-Pigment colours. Do not use Aluminum Bases direct to substrate. Alwaysapply Aluminum Bases over 4002 Sealer Dark or other AutoAir coat for optimum adhesion.
4200 Series Graphic Colours:
Semi-Opaque Colours: Standard base coat colours.
Fluorescent Colours:
Limited lightfast when exposed to sunlight, use with discretion.
Transparent Colours:
Use for fine-detailed airbrushing, blending and as a toner by mixing with other series colours.
4300 Series Special FX™ Colours:

Pearlized, Metallic and Iridescent Colours
are opaque and cover well. May be used as a base for 4600 Series CandyColours
4400 Series Colour-Shift FX™

Gem Color-Shift™:
Holographic, colour-shifting pearl flakes in a transparent base. Use over black or other colour basefor color-keying effects. Best if 4004 Transparent Base applied as mid-coat over Gem’s large pigment size for a moreeven paint film prior to clearing.
Flair Color-Shift™:
Multiple colour shifting colours.Hi Lite Interference: Subtle colour changing pearl in a transparent base. Use over black or other colours for colourkeying effects. Travels from respective colour to transparent. Great for ghostlike effects.
4500 Series Sparkle™ Colours

Hot Rod Sparkle™:
Large pearl flakes in a transparent base. Use over black or other colours for colour-keying effects.Mix direct with 4200 Series Transparent Colours for candied-pearl bases. Mix direct with 4600 Series Candy Coloursfor pearlescent candy colours (replaces by volume the 4004 Transparent Base needed in candy mix ratio). Best if 4004Transparent Base applied as mid-coat over Hot Rod Sparkle’s™ large pigment size for a more-even paint film prior toclearing.
Sparkle Flake™:
A metal flake in a transparent base. Use over black or other colours for colour-keying effects. Mixdirect with 4600 Series Candy Colours for pearlescent candy colours (replaces by volume the 4004 Transparent Baseneeded in candy mix ratio). Best if 4004 Transp. Base applied as mid-coat over flake’s large pigment size for a moreeven paint film prior to clearing.
Cosmic Sparkle™: Small pearl flakes in a transparent base. Similar to Hot Rod Sparkle™.
Sparklescent™:
Unique blends of multiple effects colours that create a single stage “candied” custom finish colour.Apply over white base or colour key with a 4300 Series Metallic Colours base. For extra effects, use Sparklescent™Colours as base for 4400 Series Gem Colour-Shift Colours and 4500 Series Hot Rod Sparkle™ and Cosmic Sparkle™Colours.
4600 Series Candy - Pigment Colours

Pigment-based candy colours. Concentrated - reduce 3:1 with 4011 Flash Reducer when using as mid-coat overaluminum or metallic base. Colours cure to a matte finish; candied effect visible after clear applied.
4700 Series Auto-Borne Colors

Colours which contain more solvents than do other Auto Air Series for urethane-like performance. Excellent fordetailed, fine-line control with an airbrush as well as base colours which dry quickly and very smooth. Reduce in anyratio with 4011 Flash Reducer depending upon airbrush tip-size and application.

PLEASE READ BEFORE USING PRODUCT: All information on this bulletin is believed to be accurate and reliable but Auto Air Colors makes no warranties expressed or implied, and without responsibility or liability of any kind. The information supplied does not release the user the obligation to test for suitability of the products for the intended purposes and applications. This information could contain technical inaccuracies or typographical errors, and information may be changed, updated and deleted without notice. Auto Air Colors may make improvements or changes in the products at any time.

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